I would like to draw your attention to the interesting attraction situated next to widely know VDNKh (the Russian acronym for All-Union Exhibition of Achievements of National Economy). For any reason it often stays at the shade of its famous neighbor.
Let me introduce you Rostokinsky Aqueduct – the oldest bridge in Moscow. It was built in the end of 18th century and was not reconstructed since 1804.
The story of its construction begins in 1779 when Ekaterina the 2nd gave an order to construct the water pipeline. The problem of water supply was acute due the waters of the Moscow river were not clean enough and could hardly be considered drinkable. The wells and ponds that were spread around Moscow didn’t manage to supply everyone with drinkable water either.
Mytischinsky water pipeline
The project of the water pipeline was created and initiated by the engineer Friedrich Wilhelm Bauer. The idea was to find rich water springs on the hill and to let gravity do its job. The perfect place was found: Mytischi was famous for its quality waters and was located higher than Moscow. Therefore the first water supply system was named after this settlement – Mytischinsky water pipeline.
Bauer had started construction immediately but it took almost 25 years in total. It was put on hold during the war with Turkey and was finished only in 1804.
The first Moscow water supply system was constructed as follows: the spring water was collected into the brick pools first, and then spread via a gravity-fed underground water line. Then it crossed the valley of the Yauza river via the Rostokinsky Aqueduct and proceeded further to the center of Moscow. At the end of the conduit the water was collected into the ponds on Pipe Square. The total length of the pipeline was about 26 kilometers.
Aqueduct was one of the most beautiful, long (365 meters) and high (up to 15 meters) stone bridges at that time. And it was one of the most expensive. Almost 2 million rubles were spent for its construction. The second name that people gave it was the Million Bridge.
Nowadays it is a part of Sokolniki park and is a popular place among citizens. During summer time people simply walk around and in winter it becomes a mecca for snowtubing lovers.
Aqueduct was restored in 2007 and equipped with a wooden roof. It is open for visitors on weekends and holidays. Take a chance to see it at night as well – it is beautifully illuminated.
Do you find it interesting? Feel free to share your thoughts in comments.
Hope to see you again soon!